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水稻抗洪涝灾难种植手艺办法

来历:中国农业信息网 2020-06-18 11:19 字号:

    一、洪涝灾难对水稻出产的影响 

  baoyuhonglaozainanputongchanshengzai5~7yue。dashuiduidaozhufengxiandeshuipingyinfumeishihoushifeiheshuidaoshengyangshiduanchabieeryi:yishiqingdushousun,yanshui1tianzhineihuodaozhushengyangqichuzaifennieqi、yousuigouchengzaoqiheyiqitouguanjiangjianzhuangqi;ershizhongdushousun,shuidaomengshoudashuifumeiltianyishanghuozhengzhiyunsuiqifumei10xiaoshiyishang,yanjunyingxiangshuidaofenniehuodaozhushengyangfeichang,bunengyibanyanghuajianzhuang,zhishishuidaozengchanfududa;sanshiyanjunhuisun,daotianmengshoudashuichongkuahuoyindashuifumeishihouzhang,xingchengshuidaoyanjundaofu,genxifuchoufachou,daozhukuhuangmiewang,chuyuyunsuiqidedaozhuyeyabunengmengshengshenzhang,biaomingshuidaoyanjunshousun,genjijueshou。

  二、水稻抗洪涝灾难种植手艺对策 

  (一)轻度受损田块田间办理 

  1.shishiqinggoupailao。beiyantiankuaiyaoshishikaigou、watianquejiechudashui、yuni,shichuyufennieqidetiankuaijianchiqianshuicufennie,chuyufenniezhongqianqidetiankuaipaigantianshuicugenxifazhan,baozhangshuidaoyibanfazhan。

  2.xiyefumiao。shuidaoshouzaihoujiyichanshengxijunxingbinghai。dashuituihoushishiposhuixiyefumiao,yiguifudaoyeguangxieganhua,keyongnongyonglianmeisu500~600beiyepenwufangzhi。tongshiyaozhuahaoshuidaozhongqianqibingchonghaifangzhi。

  3.genwaizhuifei。honglaozainanqingyiyinfanituyangfenyanjunsanshi,zhishiyangfenquefa,yingxiangshuidaofazhanfayu。kezaishouzaihouyemianpenshi1%niaosuhe0.5%linsuanerqingjia,zengtianshuidaoyangfen,zengtianzhizhukangnixing,zengjinfennieduofahesuidaduoli,xuejianzainansangshi。

  4.xuliuzaishengdaodetiankuai,danglingchongzushihaocuyafeihekanyashougetouji。shuidaoshouyanhou,yinjianzhuanglvheqianlizhongjiangluo,zaishengyamengshengzao、mengshengkuai,yaoanzhaozaishengyashenzhanghuanjing,tongchouliangji,danglingshoucheng,gaoliudaozhuang,baoliudaoerya。

  (二)重度受损田块田间办理 

  shuidaomengshouhonglaozainanhou,dishangbufenyanjunshouyi,bunengyibanchousuiyanghua,jingduandaosuiyanjunshousun,yinggemiaoxuliudashuizaishengdao。

  1.kanyadinggemiaoshihou。shouyan1tianbaibudetiankuai,tuishuihouxu1zhoubaibugemiao,shouyan2tianyishangdexu3~5tian。

  2.anzhaozhongdaoshengyanglichengdingliuzhuanggaodu。gemiaoxuliudashuizaishengdaodeliuzhuanggaoduwei5~7cun,shengyangqipianchideliuzhuanggaoduyingdixie,shengyangqipianzaodeyingliugaoxie。

  3.shishizhuifei。zhuifeiyaozaigemiaodangtianhuogemiaohoul~2tianneitingzhi,mushiniaosu10~15gongjinhuoshuidaogongyongfuhunfei40gongjin。gemiaohouyaojianggexiadedaocaopingjunanpaixingjian,annadaotianzacao,zengtianwujifei。

  4.tianjianbanli。gemiaohoutianjianyingjianchiqianshuiceng,linjinzaishengdaochousuiqishi,yaoqiadangguanshenshui,yifangdiwenfengxian。

  5.bingchonghaifangzhi。dashuizaishengdaofazhanshidai,zhongdianfangzhisandaimingchong、daobaochong、wenkubing、xijunxinghetiaobinghebaiyekubingdeng。wenkubingmuyong25%jinggangmeisushuirongxingfenji40keduishuipenwufangzhi;daobaochongmuyong40%sanzuolinruyou120~150haoshenghuo10%mijuzhixuanfuji80~100haosheng,duishui45shengpenwufangzhi;

  (三)严峻毁损田块实时改种 

  duimengshouyanjunhuisunyimeifazhengjiuhuoshouzaijiaozhong、duanshijianneimeifaguifutiankuai,yingjinzaoduitiankuaitingzhiqingsuan,shishigaibuzhongqiyuliangjingzuowu,zuidaxianzhixiajiangzainanyingxiang,fangzhigengdiliaohuang。

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